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The Third Bridge
© 2007 by Osman Akan
"All Rights Reserved"

Site specific installation

Oct. 14 / 2007 - Jan. 14 / 2008

dimensions: w:2' h:30" d:215'

lat: 40°42'16.49"N
long: 73°59'23.02"W
Brooklyn Bridge Park
Brooklyn / New York


The third bridge is a public space artwork commissioned by the Dumbo Arts Center (DAC) as part of: The Outdoor Gallery: A 40th Anniversary Celebration of Public Art in New York City Parks, organized by New York City's Department of Parks and Recreation.

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video credit: Sema Balaman

The Third Bridge
Christian Viveros-Fauné
September, 2007

“Life is a bridge,” the Eastern proverb goes. “Cross over it, but build no house on its span.” An invitation since time immemorial to ramble on, the idea of the bridge has served—literally and metaphorically—to connect where we are right now to where we want to go. Like the romance of the road, it’s best considered as a means and not an end; to act otherwise invites arrested development, immaturity, dreams deferred.

Also a powerful metaphor for unity, the desire to build bridges is, by definition, a progressive urge. The driving force behind bridges propels the race toward improvements of both the material and metaphysical kind. Think of the telephone, the railroad and the multistory building, for example. Each of these, in its time, was a piece of cutting edge technology—a bridge linking ambition and achievement. Inventions like these made men dream and, just as importantly, improved the way they got their wares to market.

It comes as no surprise, then, that bridges—in their ideal form and as feats of engineering—have long inspired artists to sing their praises. From Wordsworth’s “Composed Upon Westminster Bridge” to Hart Crane’s ecstatic canto to the Brooklyn Bridge to a recent documentary on the Golden Gate Bridge’s suicide appeal, bridges— especially the world’s more impressive structures—invite the mind to dream big, pushing the limits of the imagination toward new ideas about established ways of living.

A new work of contemporary art that plays on the traits of these grandiose and useful monuments is Osman Akan’s “The Third Bridge,” a sculptural installation using unorthodox and volatile materials like light, wind and fiber optic cables. Sited outdoors on a walkway in Brooklyn Bridge Park, itself located on the East River waterfront—virtually beneath the Brooklyn and Manhattan bridges—Akan’s sculpture taps into the natural and man-made aspects of a landscape heavily trafficked by folks immersed in their most reflexive, meditative moments.

Not so much a demonstration of artistic innovation as a challenge to activate the mind’s trap and chutes in relation to its physical as well as its metaphorical surroundings, Akan’s “Third Bridge” uses prosaic if advanced contemporary technology—namely, the fiber optic strands that form the plumbing and architecture beneath and above our most routine daily exchanges—to comment on and render visible the vast networks of information that envelop our everyday lives.

Planted in individual strands to form curving pathways of fiber optic “grass,” Akan’s plantings stack up as imitation meadows that pose a basic question about the environment of our 21st century information age—specifically, what is natural?—while emitting waves of artificial light so intense as to be perfectly visible across the East River from Manhattan’s FDR Drive. A public sculpture that demands interactivity of the tactile and cogitative kind, Akan’s work also incorporates air into its artistic effects, swaying and bending with the wind, an anti-monument to the variable fortunes of human communication.

According to the artist: “Every generation witnesses a different advent in technology and each technology carries its own socio-cultural and political consequences, which influence the artwork of its time.” Located virtually next to two towering examples of 19th century “connectivity,” Akan’s “Third Bridge” enacts a sculptural metaphor for our digitally dependent present. In this formulation, the high-speed information transmitted by light impulses represents the bridge’s finished span. The sculpture’s fiber optic rods, for their part, stand in for the stone, mortar and cable work that does the heavy lifting for many of the globe’s most essential networks.

Of course, it is neither possible nor desirable to reduce Akan’s sculpture to one-way correspondences, and it is definitely less than useful to impinge on the meaningful ambiguities contained in “The Third Bridge.” But Akan is quite direct about the intentions behind his most recent work. Remarkably well borne out in the sculpture’s straightforward but technically complex presentation, is what Akan calls “a modest gesture”—here, a work of public art that eschews monumentality as a site-specific expression of hidden networks and values begat by new technologies.

A visual synecdoche for networks and values that are best suggested rather than declaimed, Akan’s sculpture is remarkably free of the wide-eyed claims that plague much contemporary art that relies on new technologies. In fact, Akan appears to have taken a valuable lesson from the history books. As its pages turn from the 19th to the 20th centuries, Western history charts the apotheosis of the engineer—the specialized technologist—into a kind of unalloyed hero. Rather than necessarily revisit the false hopes of the industrial age—or parrot the current rhetoric that clumsily connects world peace to the worldwide web—Akan intelligently adopts an agnostic face with respect to the positivistic aspirations of new technologies.

“I use fiber optics for many reasons, but most importantly because of their ability to form networks,” Akan has said, by which he means all such networks, from “the flux of information from late night television to surveillance cameras, from chat lines to stock markets, as well as cultural networks such as artist networks.” However invisible, Akan’s “The Third Bridge” suggests, fiber optics constitute the pathways that traffic in our most important symbolic and material values —information, linkage, trade, among others — even to the degree that they help reshape what passes for human nature today and in the future.

Figurative and literal in its commentary on the networks that make possible our most basic and complex exchanges, Akan’s “The Third Bridge” carves out a perfectly shifting aesthetic middle ground from which to contemplate the consequences of our most important technologies. To paraphrase the Austrian novelist Robert Musil, Osman Akan’s public light sculpture displays, among other things, the structure of a terrific work of art: if analyzed properly, it is not an experience that is frozen, instead it operates like the vibrating of a bridge, a road that changes with every step one takes on it.


The Third Bridge project received an individual artist grant from NYSCA
and generous support of the following organizations.

  NYSCA Two Trees
  DCA NYC Parks And Recreation
  powerghousebooks milton sally
ConEd Dumbo Arts Center